Regional Bell Operating Company (RBOC)

Sign up for Internet service with your local regional phone company. Our massive internet servers, hostname molassas and ketchup, will deliver internet to you in the fashion you have become accustomed to getting from us. After all, we are the phone company. Where else are you going to go?

Net Neutrality

Net neutrality is a set of rules adopted by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) which say Internet Service Providers (ISPs) such as Comcast, Time Warner, AT&T, and Verizon, cannot block, throttle, or prioritize certain content on the Internet.

Five Reasons Why Title II Net Neutrality Is No Longer Relevant In Tech Policy  Forbes Biden Victory Breathes New Life Into Battle To Restore Net Neutrality 11/09/2020  MediaPost Communications Bringing back net neutrality rules is high on Biden’s tech agenda  Marketplace Biden could alter Big Tech's Section 230 protections, reinstate 'net neutrality'  Fox Business How Biden’s FCC could fix America’s internet  Vox.com A Biden Administration Would Be Likely to Reinstate Net Neutrality  Futurism Biden musn't bring back Obama's obsolete net neutrality policy  msnNOW Jessica Rosenworcel Eyed as Leading Contender for Top FCC Job  Variety What Biden needs to do to regulate the Internet both at home and worldwide  Washington Post Censored Planet: University of Michigan research finds worldwide increase in internet censorship  WSWS The FCC is trying to govern content moderation: It doesn't have the authority | TheHill  The Hill How Joe Biden May Reshape the FCC  Hollywood Reporter U.S. FCC votes to maintain 2017 repeal of net neutrality rules  Reuters Comcast Announces It Will Impose Home Internet Data Cap During Pandemic and Customers Are Furious  PopCulture.com Former FCC Chair Explains Why the Government Might Need 5G Access, Outlines Biden Priorities  Telecompetitor Broad Coalition Urges Court Not to Block California's Net Neutrality Law  EFF Utah's unemployment claims slightly decrease amid historically high numbers  KUTV 2News Will Biden's New FCC End the Digital Divide?  Progressive.org Feds move to block California’s net neutrality law  The Verge Senate Committee To Vote On Trump FCC Nominee Who Wants To Regulate Social Media 11/27/2020  MediaPost Communications Net Neutrality Challenge Tests States' Power Over Net Traffic  Bloomberg Law FCC Preps Order Affirming Net Neutrality Repeal 10/06/2020  MediaPost Communications Tricks, Not Treats: OTI Slams FCC’s ‘Unhinged’ October Surprise on Net Neutrality  YubaNet The FCC's Independence and Mission Are at Stake with Trump Nominee  EFF With the Goal of Rural Deployment, FCC Adopts 5G Fund and Revises Rules on Wireless Facilities  BroadbandBreakfast.com U.S. appeals court will not reconsider net neutrality repeal ruling  Reuters Decrypted: Apple and Facebook’s privacy feud, Twitter hires Mudge, mysterious zero-days  TechCrunch What Sheltering in Place Teaches Us About Net Neutrality  No Jitter Why Resolving Net Neutrality Issues Continues to Matter  No Jitter An Open Internet For All? 'Net Neutrality' Back In The Spotlight  Lexology The Race to Bury Net Neutrality  CircleID EFF30 Fireside Chat: Section 230 & Free Speech Online  EFF COVID-19 Crisis Shows Need For Net Neutrality Rules, Advocates Say 04/21/2020  MediaPost Communications Europe’s top court says net neutrality rules bar ‘zero rating’  TechCrunch The Legal Debate Over Net Neutrality Shifts to State Laws  Lexology Biden's Big Tech challenge  Newsday Net Neutrality: How Recent Developments Could Affect Content Companies and IP Intensive Businesses  IPWatchdog.com US Justice Department Asks Court to Block California Net Neutrality Law  Voice of America Order Responding to Net Neutrality Court Decision Circulated for Consideration at FCC's October Meeting  Lexology Experts say Biden's FCC would restore net neutrality, avoid price regulation  S&P Global FCC rejects calls from cities for more time to respond to net neutrality proceeding  The Verge New York State Legislator Introduces a Very Bad “Net Neutrality” Bill  EFF California Urges Judge To Leave Net Neutrality Law In Place 09/21/2020  MediaPost Communications Here's how Biden will work with Big Tech  CBS News FCC To Study Impact Of Net Neutrality Repeal 02/20/2020  MediaPost Communications View: The change of guard in the US is an opportunity to enforce true accountability over the internet industry  Economic Times The FCC Wants to Hear More About Net Neutrality  Benton Foundation Comcast Sneakily Adds 1.2TB Data Cap For Millions of Northeastern US Customers  Hot Hardware ‘Deficiencies’ that broke FCC commenting system in net neutrality fight detailed by GAO  TechCrunch The Covid-19 Pandemic Shows the Virtues of Net Neutrality  WIRED FCC Drops Appeal, Will Provide Data About Net Neutrality Commenters To New York Times 09/30/2020  MediaPost Communications 4 ways net neutrality impacts your life  AZ Big Media Tech Policy and the 2020 Election, Part 2: Online Speech, Net Neutrality, and Data Privacy - AAF  American Action Forum California Dreams of Love From Biden After Four Years of Attacks  Bloomberg Law Billy Ray Urges WGA Members To “Rid The Senate” Of Kelly Loeffler & David Perdue  Deadline The US Could Soon Ban the Selling of Carrier-Locked Phones  WIRED AT&T Ignores Net Neutrality: HBO Max Won’t Hit Data Caps but Competing Streamers Will  IndieWire Biden Win Could Curb Deals, Revive Net Neutrality in FCC Pivot  Bloomberg California Net Neutrality Cases - American Cable Association, et al v. Xavier Becerra and United States of America v. State of California  EFF Coronavirus Crisis Vindicates the FCC’s ‘Net Neutrality’ Rollback  The Wall Street Journal The court let the FCC kill net neutrality, here’s why  The Verge Why We Still Need Net Neutrality | Benton Institute for Broadband & Society  Benton Foundation Tech industry asks U.S. court to reconsider net neutrality ruling  Reuters Will 2020 see a state-by-state return to net neutrality in the US?  TelecomTV Mozilla Drops Appeal of FCC Net Neutrality Decision  Benton Foundation Net Neutrality Has Officially Been Repealed. Here’s How That Could Affect You.  The New York Times Coronavirus crisis proves 'net neutrality' was a mistake, repeal was right move: Grover Norquist  Fox Business The Year We Fought to Get Net Neutrality Back: 2019 Year in Review  EFF Chamber Of Commerce Backs Bid To Block California Net Neutrality Law 08/24/2020  MediaPost Communications Appeals court upholds net neutrality rules but provides path for states to push back  CNN Calls for change to Section 230 are growing. Here's how the law shapes social media and speech  Technical.ly F.C.C. Repeals Net Neutrality Rules  The New York Times Harvey Weinstein Asks Court to Pause Civil Suit Because of Severe Health Issues and Risk of Incrimination  Hollywood Reporter Biden's telecom platform hardens around net neutrality, universal broadband, 5G funding  Urgent Communications What Is Net Neutrality? The Complete WIRED Guide  WIRED California Plans to Socialize Wholesale Internet Pricing via Net Neutrality  California Globe US appeals court says it won't reconsider FCC's net neutrality repeal - Business Insider  Business Insider Is the Net Neutrality Repeal Saving Consumers Billions?  TechDecisions FCC Extends Deadline For Net Neutrality Comments 03/26/2020  MediaPost Communications Jessica J. González: How Trump's attack on net neutrality created a legal mess for the entire internet  Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Georgetown faculty feature prominently in Biden transition team  The Georgetown Voice In Support of Maryland Net Neutrality Act | Benton Institute for Broadband & Society  Benton Foundation FCC Ordered To Disclose Data About Net Neutrality Commenters 05/04/2020  MediaPost Communications Experts call for flexible net neutrality rules in Mexico  BNamericas English FCC Rejects Requests To Extend Response Time To Net Neutrality Repeal  Law Street Media Net Neutrality Repeal: What Could Happen and How It Could Affect You  The New York Times We need to prepare for internet of the future. Here's how Congress can help.  USA TODAY California Will Have an Open Internet  The New York Times House votes to restore net neutrality rules  CNN GOP Senators Call Platforms 'Publishers' and Want to Strip Section 230 Protections, and Dems Aren't Fans Either  BroadbandBreakfast.com Reflecting On One Year Without Net Neutrality  Forbes In the net neutrality debate, what might follow Mozilla v. FCC?  Brookings Institution The Tangled Web of Net Neutrality and Regulation  Harvard Business Review In Discussing 'Broadband and the Biden Administration,' Trump and Obama Transition Workers Praise Auctions  BroadbandBreakfast.com Trudeau's carbon neutrality plan for Canada comes with many 'unknowns'  S&P Global Judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union on net neutrality and zero-rating  Lexology Net Neutrality Rules: FCC Publishes The Repeal Order, Lawsuits Begin : The Two-Way  NPR Paris Climate agreement will cost Americans trillions  Leader & Times Defend Net Neutrality  State PIRGs Net neutrality was repealed a year ago — what’s happened since?  The Verge

What is Net Neutrality?

Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers must treat all data on the Internet the same, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication. For instance, under these principles, internet service providers are unable to intentionally block, slow down or charge money for specific websites and online content.

The term was coined by Columbia University media law professor Tim Wu in 2003, as an extension of the longstanding concept of a common carrier, which was used to describe the role of telephone systems.

A widely cited example of a violation of net neutrality principles was the Internet service provider Comcast's secret slowing ("throttling") of uploads from peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) applications by using forged packets. Comcast did not stop blocking these protocols, like BitTorrent, until the FCC ordered them to stop. In another minor example, The Madison River Communications company was fined US$15,000 by the FCC, in 2004, for restricting their customers' access to Vonage, which was rivaling their own services. AT&T was also caught limiting access to FaceTime, so only those users who paid for AT&T's new shared data plans could access the application. In July 2017, Verizon Wireless was accused of throttling after users noticed that videos played on Netflix and Youtube were slower than usual, though Verizon commented that it was conducting "network testing" and that net neutrality rules permit "reasonable network management practices".

Research suggests that a combination of policy instruments will help realize the range of valued political and economic objectives central to the network neutrality debate. Combined with strong public opinion, this has led some governments to regulate broadband Internet services as a public utility, similar to the way electricity, gas, and the water supply are regulated, along with limiting providers and regulating the options those providers can offer.