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Net Neutrality

Net neutrality is a set of rules adopted by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) which say Internet Service Providers (ISPs) such as Comcast, Time Warner, AT&T, and Verizon, cannot block, throttle, or prioritize certain content on the Internet.

  1. Congressman Coffman crosses party lines, proposes reversal of FCC net neutrality repeal  The Denver Channel
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  1. Unlike Trump, India is partial to net neutrality. But what does that mean?  South China Morning Post
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  1. Net Neutrality: How 1 reporter, 1 comedy group, 1 MP and a million Indians saved internet freedom in India  Financial Express
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  1. India's Telecom Commission Adopts Strict Net Neutrality Regulations  The Diplomat
  2. Government in process to implement net neutrality rules: Manoj Sinha  Economic Times
  3. Govt in process to frame net neutrality rules, amend telecom licence: Sinha  Times of India
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  1. Net neutrality rules in India 'strongest' in the world  The Straits Times
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  1. A House Republican Joins the Fight to Save Net Neutrality  WIRED
  2. House Republican backs effort to restore net neutrality rules  Reuters
  3. House Republican sides with Democrats to save net neutrality  CNET
  4. The 21st Century Internet Act aims to enshrine net neutrality in law  TechCrunch
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  1. Netflix CEO Says US Rollback of Net Neutrality Rules Is No Big Deal  Variety
  2. Netflix CEO Reed Hastings: Net Neutrality Is a 'Consumer Expectation'  Fortune
  3. Netflix CEO: 'Net neutrality advocates have won the day'  CNET
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  1. 3 ETFs to Buy Following Net Neutrality Repeal  Investopedia (blog)
  2. CRA Fans Plan Net Neutrality Protests  Broadcasting & Cable
  3. CRA Fans Plan Net-Neutrality Protests  Multichannel News
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  1. Massachusetts Senate approves bill to boost "net neutrality"  WRGB
  2. Massachusetts Senate passes net neutrality transparency bill
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  1. Republican Intros Bill That Would Turn Net Neutrality Into Law  Android Headlines
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  1. A single House Republican sides with Democrats on net neutrality  Mashable
  2. GOP Congressman introduces legislation to restore and protect Net Neutrality  Boing Boing
  3. Net neutrality protections garner rare Republican support in Colorado congressman  Washington Times
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  1. India just approved net neutrality rules that ban 'any form' of data discrimination  The Verge
  2. India now has the 'world's strongest' net neutrality rules  CNNMoney
  3. Iron-clad net neutrality reportedly comes to India  CNET
  4. ET View  Economic Times
  5. Podcast | Pick of the day - Indian government approves net neutrality
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  1. Utah politician wants to bring net neutrality back to the state — sort of
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  1. Reversing net neutrality is a tax on small businesses  The Hill
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  1. What's The Plan Now That Net Neutrality Is Dead?  Forbes
  2. Everything you need to know about California's tough net neutrality bill  Business Insider
  3. California is front line in fight over tech regs  The Hill
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  1. Massachusetts lawmakers back off plans to impose state-level net neutrality
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  1. A revamped California net neutrality bill is moving forward again  The Verge
  2. California's net neutrality bill is back and as tough as ever  Washington Post
  3. New California Bill Restores Strong Net Neutrality Protections  WIRED
  4. California net neutrality bill strengthened after lawmakers reach deal  San Francisco Chronicle
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  1. Courier Chat: Net Neutrality with Ben Falto-Armijo  PCC Courier
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  1. Net Neutrality: Unpacking The Digital Battleground In Human Rights  RightsInfo
  2. India Embraces Full Net Neutrality As The US Runs The Opposite Direction  Techdirt
  3. Mass. Senate Passes Net Neutrality Bill  WBUR
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  1. Trump's SCOTUS nominee: Net neutrality is 'unlawful'  CNBC
  2. How Brett Kavanaugh's Opinion On Net Neutrality Could Hurt Boston Startups  WBUR
  3. Supreme Court Justice Nominee Brett Kavanaugh Is No Fan of Net Neutrality Rules  Variety
  4. Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh's brutal education in net neutrality  TechCrunch
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What is Net Neutrality?

Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers must treat all data on the Internet the same, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication. For instance, under these principles, internet service providers are unable to intentionally block, slow down or charge money for specific websites and online content.

The term was coined by Columbia University media law professor Tim Wu in 2003, as an extension of the longstanding concept of a common carrier, which was used to describe the role of telephone systems.

A widely cited example of a violation of net neutrality principles was the Internet service provider Comcast's secret slowing ("throttling") of uploads from peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) applications by using forged packets. Comcast did not stop blocking these protocols, like BitTorrent, until the FCC ordered them to stop. In another minor example, The Madison River Communications company was fined US$15,000 by the FCC, in 2004, for restricting their customers' access to Vonage, which was rivaling their own services. AT&T was also caught limiting access to FaceTime, so only those users who paid for AT&T's new shared data plans could access the application. In July 2017, Verizon Wireless was accused of throttling after users noticed that videos played on Netflix and Youtube were slower than usual, though Verizon commented that it was conducting "network testing" and that net neutrality rules permit "reasonable network management practices".

Research suggests that a combination of policy instruments will help realize the range of valued political and economic objectives central to the network neutrality debate. Combined with strong public opinion, this has led some governments to regulate broadband Internet services as a public utility, similar to the way electricity, gas, and the water supply are regulated, along with limiting providers and regulating the options those providers can offer.